Friday, October 18, 2019

Early Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization Essay

Early Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization - Essay Example Its major contributions in the firled of health and medicines, mathematics, astronomy, and art, literature and music are discussed in this paper. Egyptians have significantly contributed in the field of health and medicines. During the period (2667BC - 2678BC) the first physician in the history Imhotep performed the surgery. The Egyptians had a sound knowledge of the anatomy of the human body. There were more than thirty-four cases of the surgery during the Egyptian period. The development in the field of medicines to cure women diseases related to fertility, conception, and other health problems begin known as Kahun Gynecological Papyrus is also a remarkable achievement of the Egyptians. In addition, diseases related to men health dominantly remains be the contribution of Egyptians. Diseases like malaria, trachoma, bubonic plague, typhoid, jaundice, smallpox and relapsing fevers were mainly cured by the Egyptian medicines. Most of the medicines were made up of the herbs, such as Garlic, onions, fennel, cassia, cannabis, myrrh, opium, henna, thyme, linseed and castor oil. Corianders and Cumin were widely used to treat digesti ve and intestines related diseases (Blattner). Mesopotamian studied eclipse and movement of the stars keenly to predict the time and day and night. However, Egyptians were superstition had belief in their goddesses to keep the track for the position and movement of plants. Egyptians invented the calendars in which each month was thirty days depending on lunar movement. The calendar was invented on the observations of helical rising (sun movement) to predict the days in each year. The Egyptian calendar has been known for its appropriate measurement of the season, days, and years. I believe that the contemporary calendar is the major contribution of Egyptian. Modern calendars are constructed on the basis provided by the Egyptians that have keenly observed the movement of the

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